Do Plug-in Pest Repellents Work?

Plug-in outdoor pest repellents typically emit a flashing light, audible alarm or high-frequency sound that people can’t listen to, to discourage wildlife, insects or birds from hanging around your lawn. But scientific research has shown these repellents may not be effective at maintaining unwanted garden pests away.

The Effectiveness of Pest Repellents

Ultrasonic electronic pest repellent apparatus produce sound waves greater than 20,000 hertz (cycles per second), that only creatures and bugs could hear. There’s little scientific research to show these types of devices actually deter pests, according to University of Nebraska-Lincoln. They’re deemed ineffective against possible garden nuisances like biting insects, cockroaches and ticks, notes North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension. These devices are also considered ineffective against other bugs, including ants. Electronic ultrasonic and sonic devices made to discourage wildlife, like small creatures, from damaging your garden aren’t generally successful against their intended targets either, states Clemson Cooperative Extension.

Further Pest Repellent Limitations

Electronic Dutch, ultrasonic and visual plug in pest repellent apparatus may work on some insects initially, including rodents, raccoons, deer, birds or crickets. Regrettably, these unwanted garden visitors seem to become quickly accustomed to them. This eventually makes the apparatus ineffective against these and other insects, according to research published in the September 2013 issue of “The International Journal of Engineering and Science.”

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Should Coffee Grounds Assist Hydrangeas, What Other Table Scraps Can I Use About Plants?

Coffee grounds, rich in sulfur and tannic acid, are sometimes used as mulch around acid-loving plants like hydrangeas (Hydrangea spp.) , ranging from hardiness from U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 10. Don’t make that coffee grounds mulch thicker than 1 inch, however, or it may prevent rainwater from percolating through it. Gardeners also add coffee grounds to the seeds of carrot (Daucus carota subsp. Sativus) when putting them because the coffee grounds gag carrot root maggots. Coffee grounds, however, aren’t the only table scrap which may be of assistance to beleaguered gardeners.

Citrus Peels

To a cat, the newly turned and fluffy soil in your garden bed may look like one large litter box. Prevent all of your neighborhood felines by making use of the “facilities” by strewing orange or lemon peels above that soil. Cats reportedly are repelled by the odor of citrus, which makes them sneeze. You also can utilize these rinds as easy slug snares since slugs will be enticed to curl up and wrap under them during daylight hours. Peek under the peels in the early hours to spy on and dispose of the slugs.

Banana Peels

As opposed to slipping on your banana peels, consider slipping them into the garden soil around your rose bushes (Rosa spp., USDA zones 2 through 11, based on the number). Their high potassium material reportedly will cause those trees to really go bananas with blooms. Use about only three peels for every single bush, snipping them to pieces with kitchen shears first to help them break down fast. Banana below the ground is supposed to repel aphids over the ground, too, though nobody has been able to describe why that usage works.

Crushed Eggshells

Instead of “shelling out” for pricey slug bait, scatter crushed eggshells around plants that you would like to protect. Slugs are understandably reluctant to drag their soft bodies through eggshell shards and should detour around them instead. You also may be able to prevent blossom end rot in tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum, USDA zones 8 through 12) by working about four calcium-rich, crushed eggshells into each planting hole once when putting your tomato seedlings.

Used Teabags

Like coffee grounds, tea leaves are rich in tannic acid. As opposed to throwing away used teabags, cut those that contain black or green tea and spread the leaves above the soil below your acid-loving plants. In case the teabags are totally biodegradable, it is possible to simply slip them under the plants’ mulch instead of cutting them open. You also could place some used teabags under the soil of the acid-loving potted plant, where its origins can draw nutrients out of them.

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How Are Side Rails Attached to Glass Shower Doors?

Traditional showers feature metal framing around the border of each glass panel, hiding the edges of the glass from viewpoint while providing structural support. The side rails in a shower attach to the door using glazing strips, similar to those found in windows. If you’re considering installing a bathtub door yourself, then stick to doorways equipped with safety glass, wear gloves and work carefully to reduce your risk of harm.

Glazing Channels

The edges of a glass shower door comprise a glazing channel, which typically consists of vinyl. This u-shaped channel wraps snugly around the edges of the glass before the frame is installed. It’s designed to fit snugly within the metallic frame, holding the frame in place while maintaining water in the bathtub where it belongs. Shower door manufacturers only place each rail over the glazing channel and tap it firmly in place until the glazing vinyl is concealed from view. Once all four rails are connected to the door, they typically are connected using screws at every corner.

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5 Approaches to Define Spaces Without Walls

Consider your room. Envision its textures, colors and openings. Picture all of the objects that sit in it. Take away the walls. What’s left? Does it still feel like a room? What components are intact to distinguish it as a distance?

Walls are arguably the simplest and most recognizable architectural components that define a room. Let us stretch this idea and identify other ways to perceive distance. Consider the following tips to create your home’s spaces without relying on the normal vertical barrier for enclosure.

Cary Bernstein Architect

1. Level Change

there is absolutely not any wall between this dining area and the adjoining area; a few steps distinguish the two areas. A degree change can designate zones in an open program and help to prepare a hierarchy of spaces.

Vega Architecture

A degree change can also define a smaller place within a larger room. A sunken living room such as this creates a relaxed and cozy feeling.

Fall In on a Hot Comeback With a Sunken Living Room


The mild wood flooring of the kitchen and the dark wood floor in the adjoining room merge on the measures and help the transition flow smoothly between the two spaces. Look up and you’ll notice that the ceiling varies in airplane and substance at precisely the same point the floor does.

Susanna Cots

2. Overhead Element

In this room there is a change in substance at the ceiling level, while the flooring remains constant. This substance change is a smart visual means to delineate zones at a house with an open floor plan.

Jessica Helgerson Interior Design

If you can’t create a material change in your area, consider using paint to get a dramatic impact. Maintain the colour consistent from ceiling to wall to headboard — here a clear line defines the sleeping area from the local window.

DKOR Interiors Inc.- Interior Designers Miami, FL

For a comfy seating area, bring a portion of the ceiling down, as revealed here. The colour can stay constant with this technique. Adding a few light fixtures further reinforces a change in scale and adds to the total impact of the conversation zone.

Diligence International

Utilize a surprising element suspended from above to illustrate a change in distance. This hovering fireplace blows throughout the upper-floor void and attracts the focal point back into a human scale on the lower level, which could otherwise have been lost in the double-height area.

Randall Mars Architects

3. Structural Elements

A home’s structural components can be used to define space also. These beams include another tier of architecture that’s exposed from the vaulted ceiling.

A.GRUPPO Architects – Dallas

In homes, exposed structural components are generally reserved for the roof and floor framing. But how about using cross legged before translucent walls, as revealed here? Walls don’t need to be opaque and solid.

KDL Architects

Steel poles with steel channels that frame the borders make this floating up overhead canopy. The zone below doesn’t rely on any full-height walls around it, so it seems secure yet open at precisely the same moment.

Axis Mundi

4. Screens

An easy method to add a privacy barrier near an entryway would be to incorporate an area divider. This particular screen allows visual access into front door with its translucent glass. The screen is a great way to produce an architectural pause between here and the remainder of the house.

Betty Wasserman

Mixing a steel frame and wood blocks led to a warm and modern insertion between the living and dining rooms.

SchappacherWhite Architecture D.P.C.

5. Flooring Substance

Engineered hardwood contrasts nicely with the dark, cool flooring of the kitchen and can be an instant visual indication to a room delineation. Notice the way the ceiling varies in airplane at precisely the same line where the flooring varies.

Intercub Interiors

Take the flooring up and transition it into the counter to get a more dimensional sense, as shown in this compact kitchen. Get creative with your flooring material change to add character and vibrancy.

Arterra Landscape Architects

Defining a room with no solid walls is best exhibited in a place with no walls in any way! This terrace is based on pavers versus landscaped areas to give it a feeling of place.

Inform us : What techniques would you rely on to define zones in your property?

More: Renovation Detail: The Built-In Room Divider

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Decorating Tips for a Three-Bedroom Home

Outside of working as sleeping quarters, you can decorate bedrooms to serve as a living room or storage, together with plenty of selections to suit your lifestyle and requirements. Families with stay-at-home children can quickly fill a three-bedroom home with individuals alone. In the case of an”empty-nester” with older kids, vacant bedrooms may need a new use. For single buyers and childless couples, a three-bedroom home provides an opportunity to develop in the space.

Hobby Room

As opposed to dragging your supplies out to a dining room table, designate a bedroom for a hideaway to sew, make artwork, crafts, design airplanes or wrap presents. Select your endings and furnishings according to your finances, ensuring that you include a few key elements: storage, lighting, seating and a surface. Aim for an perfect combination of overhead, desk and natural window lighting. You can create a makeshift large workspace on a budget with a folding table covered with an affordable table cloth. Do dual-function decorating–hang affordably priced shelving or cork boards which display your work and keep jobs safe while not in use.

Dressing Room

Your house may have lots of bedrooms and small closet space, which makes a dressing room an perfect decorating choice to get an unoccupied bedroom. Buy cable shelving from a home improvement store and create an agreement, or receive a preconfigured kit or two which offer shelving, hanging space and shoe-storage solutions. Add a vanity with seats and a lighted makeup mirror, and also a full-length mirror to finish the room. It’s possible to add a practical decorative flair with two or three floor lamps that provide added lighting to use when applying cosmetics or getting dressed.

Double-Duty Room

If you get rare company, you may not find a dedicated guest space to be an perfect use of a bedroom. Instead, choose design elements that create a dual-function room–an office which you can conceal when accommodating guests. If your budget allows, invest in furniture that is functional a built-in desk and entertainment centre with custom cabinetry plus one wall and a single day bed with a hidden trundle bed along another. Easily adapt your workweek schedule and when necessary, two adult weekend guests. Being organized, creating storage choices to stash jobs out of sight along with adding a designer’s signature make this multifunctional room family-ready at a moment’s notice.

The “Man Cave”

Lori Cain, a property specialist in Tulsa, Oklahoma, says many of the younger customers cite strategies for creating a man cave with an extra bedroom. Typical decor items include sports memorabilia, an overstuffed sofa or recliner and possibly a mini fridge. This chamber generally has a tv and frequently a video game program or 2. Cain says that aside from serving as a husband’s hideaway, the man cave frequently holds items the spouse has banned from the rest of the house’s decor.

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Wonderful Ways to Mesh Woven Furniture With Your Style

My design style tends to lean toward the beautifully strange, gently worn and subtly masculine. I’m not too Shabby Chic, but I’d fall in love with a classic, chipped wicker footstool at the drop of the hat. Woven furniture doesn’t need to remind you of Grandma’s house — classic woven substances which have been around for centuries can be used in a totally modern way. Sea grass chairs around a farmhouse dining table, a slick bar with rattan and chrome stools, and wicker storage containers at the bottom of a lavish bed all have a relaxed luxury around them. These organic substances ground a place by taking off the edge proper furniture and encouraging you to stay awhile.

Su Casa Designs

Making Woven Pieces Work Together With Your Style

Woven pieces operate in most styles if you get the mix right. For modern settings, such as the one shown, woven stools can balance out sharp angles and add colour to clean spaces. The newer woven pieces in this room were created with up-to-date tactics and materials that can stand up to the challenges of daily life.

Hint: You get what you pay for. If you are looking for woven pieces which will last, buy from businesses which have good reviews. Examine the guarantee (if appropriate) and return policy for merchandise that frays or breaks. Examine the bottom of woven pieces to make sure the bracing construction is strong — that is imperative for chairs.

Mahoney Architects & Interiors

Darker woven pieces make a exotic farm feel — believe India Hicks’ home in the Bahamas. Paired with cream-colored cushions, these stitched wingbacks are comfy but elegant. Putting two side as shown, functions because of the size of the bright white colour scheme and the room. In a smaller space, or one with darker tones, a dim woven chair would still function but should stand alone if paired with the upholstered ottoman.

Rikki Snyder

Use a generous amount of wicker to make a bohemian eclectic space similar to this one. Brightly patterned cushions, tablecloths and cushions on vintage woven pieces make an interesting, fun and inviting space. Textiles can also help disguise and protect damaged woven furniture vintage wicker has a tendency to snap, so you might have a great chair with pieces missing here or there; adding textiles solves that problem nicely.

Tara Seawright Interior Design

Woven Pieces as Mainstays

Should you discover a woven piece you like, then use it as a mainstay. Now’s woven kinds are scaled to operate well with modern couches and other pieces, but make sure your vintage pieces are large enough to operate in your home too. A great rule of thumb is to quantify a woven bit against an upholstered piece. Do not skimp on the dimensions.

The huge scale of the ocean grass wingback chair in this room perfectly complements the deep couch. A boldly patterned seat cushion and toss pillow help this chair fit into the modern eclectic living space.

Suggestion: Sea bud chairs have a tendency to be more comfortable than wicker for long term relaxing, because sea bud has a far better flex and softer weave than wicker.

Margaret Donaldson Interiors

Swap out a couple of your regular dining chairs with just two (or more!) Woven pieces to evoke a countryside feel in a transitional space. Cheaper woven furniture are able to continue to keep your dining space formal but not stuffy. Mixing in a few woven chairs with much more flair would work well with the raw metals and forests of an industrial-style space.

Tara Seawright Interior Design

Woven Pieces as Accents

Insert woven pieces to your living room by simply using them as occasional pieces, such as ottomans, drink chairs and tables. Outdoor faux rattan works beautifully for indoor occasional pieces — the sturdy material is great for busy family rooms and readily withstands spilled popcorn and beverages. Outdoor woven furniture can be obtained out and hosed off in a flash, but it still looks classy.

This wonderful round woven ottoman is perfectly scaled to your sectional and provides a tropical island touch without feeling thematic.

Kelley & Company Home

You can even add small doses of woven pieces, such as the end-of-the-bed stitched chest revealed here. Vintage rattan pieces are often finished with leather buckles, brass enclosures and other details. If you discover something you adore, but it’s the wrong colour, just prime and paint it.

Hint: When you are buying vintage pieces, be sure the wraps around the legs and ends are still intact and not unwinding. Wraps can be redone, but it’s an expensive procedure. Buy pieces with as little cracking in the wicker as you can — wicker is a bud, so it does snap as the years go by.

Tobi Fairley Interior Design

Weathered wicker accents seem amazing in just about any setting. In a modern setting, something such as a large sun-bleached basket can add some romance without feeling overly cliché. This vintage wicker table is the best style counterpoint to both modern beds in this lovely space.

Hint: make certain your woven furniture (whether vintage or new) is powerful and flexible enough to operate how you need it to. It would not be a fantastic idea to utilize a Victorian-era stool at a children’s playroom, for example. Modern and faux wicker operate better in high-use configurations.

Wicker headboards — common to Victorian homes — are unbelievably amazing as modern painted pieces. The complex handiwork that went into curling the grasses and producing the “beads” and fantastical shapes doesn’t exist today. Giving a classic or vintage wicker headboard a new life with spray paint will produce a one-of-a-kind statement bit.

Remember, provided that you pair your vintage woven pieces with more modern furnishings, accessories and textiles, the space that they inhabit will always feel clean.

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The Indoor Gardener: Crazy for Cacti

Cacti are for Southwestern locales. You can develop these prickly succulents everywhere that has plenty of sunshine and maintains a temperature of at least 65 degrees, making them a good candidate for a houseplant. Besides full sunlight, cacti like to grow in areas where the humidity is reduced.

As they hail from the desert, cacti don’t need much water : Give them only when they have completely dried out, and do so sparingly when you do. While cacti are tough to kill, overwatering is a certain method to do just that.

Cacti can mesh well with all sorts of interiors, from country-cute houses to supersleek high end flats. They also are available in many sizes and shapes, from a tiny specimen to Carnegiea gigantea, a sizable, tree-sized species. Here are nine photographs of cacti to inspire you to bring these spiky plants to your backyard.


Vintage Cactus Garden – $45

VivaTerra sells this mini cactus garden already planted in a white ceramic urn. Even the succulents that are tiny could make a lovely alternative to a bouquet as a hostess gift.

Kailey J. Flynn Photography

An unusual draping cactus adds to the diverse mix within this modern living room. Its flesh is similar to that of this classic cafe sign supporting it.

Julie Smith

A globular cacti sits on the left of a leafy houseplant within this West Coast sunroom, proving that there’s no reason not to combine cacti with deciduous plants.

Elad Gonen

A pair of cacti flank this unique antique table. The cacti echo the space’s Southwestern décor without feeling such as stage props.

Studio Marcelo Brito

A tall cacti accents the corner of the sophisticated living area by Marcelo Brito Interiors. It is a welcome touch of lifestyle in a room full of neutral tones.

Tip: Wipe pests off cacti using a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol.

Natalie Blake

A pair of big cacti grow from the corner of the bright room. Stretching greater than the doorframe, these impressive specimens have definitely had many years to reach these heights.

Architectural Pottery

Walnut Wooden Stand – $190

A midcentury-style planter using a wooden stand is an elegant way to display a tall cactus. Here a coating of gray rocks covers the dirt — a simple way to give your planted cacti a more polished appearance.

Design West

Here three modern planters are full of pen cacti. These tall, slender plants are a modern approach to bring a little greenery to an interior.

Modern Outdoor Planters – $72

A tiny prickly plant rests within this mod wall planter. The pot features holes for a powder-coated finish suitable for both inside and out.

See How to Grow Cacti in Glass

The Succulence of Succulents

Drought-Tolerant Landscapes

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Should You Move or Only Remodel?

Can you stay where you are and restore your current home or would you proceed to a different, possibly newer, home? How can you make that decision? Some will counsel you to leave that old home and buy something new. Others will say to tear it down and build brand new, while others will inform you to stay and remodel.

So just how can you create that go or no-go decision? What standards do you use to create a rational decision to stay put and renovate or proceed?

Below are some questions to ask yourself. Your replies will certainly help you choose your next move.

Dennison and Dampier Interior Design

How do you feel about your neighborhood? Is it a place you like? What about the neighbors? What about conveniences? Are you happy your children visit the local schools?

In sum, ensure the neighborhood is the right fit. Take to heart the old adage that you could always fix a home but you can not fix a locality.

Duo Dickinson, architect

Can there be some intangible quality to your house? Whilst not every home has a value beyond just offering refuge, many do. Whether it’s age or design or some other quality, a house that’s significance should not be subjected to the wrecking ball. Expanding, adapting and renovating these houses are certain ways to keep that significance alive for future generations.

Beckwith Group

Does renovating make fiscal sense? You will find a whole slew of factors to weigh when it comes to this question. If you’re renovating, there is not only the price of these renovations. There might very well be related costs, such as temporary living quarters while the home is under construction.

Additional costs will also be associated with moving (for instance, Realtor fees and decorating the new home).

Deciding whether to go or stay requires that you identify all the costs, not only the construction costs, before making a decision.

Before Photo

Northworks Architects and Planners

Does the existing home have good bones? Not every home is a good candidate for a renovation. While there could be a reason to reconstruct an older classic barn that is full of memories, a 20-year-old tract home with a failing base or another substantial flaw might not be a good candidate. So be certain that you check, or have a professional check, the bones of your home to see exactly what lies under those base cracks and less-than-level floors.

Howell Custom Building Group

How does the latest zoning restrictions affect the project? If your home is old, it might have been built under different, often more lax, zoning limitations.

While your home may suit you better throughout the benefits of those laxer limitations, a new home in its location might not. Evaluate elevation, distance to property lines, yard dimensions and so on to determine if saving the existing structure provides some benefits that would be lost if the home were razed.

Chang + Sylligardos Architects

Can I be patient and have fun with the project even when it is not going well? In any case, building a new custom home or renovating your current home will require you to make hundreds of choices. From the macro, like just how large and how much, to the micro, like exactly what hardware you would like on the kitchen cabinets, you are going to spend hundreds of hours on and elsewhere exploring what you like and what is available. If you’re new at this, you’ll probably wish to have a professional assist you every step along the way, so you can prevent “We should have done … ” or “Why did we …?”

Being patient is key. And beginning at the perfect location for you — if it is where you’re or someplace new — will produce the end result truly worth the journey.

More: When to stay or go during a remodel

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Carriage Doors

Carriage doors swing out of the center with the assistance of side hinges. Traditionally they were opened manually allowing horse-drawn carriages to pass in and out. They are sometimes located on carriage houses, barns, garages, stables and firehouses.

Advantage Contracting

Carriage doors were initially popular on barns, designed to make it much easier for horses can pull farm equipment out.

Sandra Howie

Carriage doors that are Rebuilt replace the originals on this particular garage constructed in the 1920s.

Whitten Architects

A wood store may use the wide-opening carriage doors to make timber and allow out sawdust.

Witt Construction

This lovely home is constructed in the style of a carriage house, which traditionally had carriages rooms and below for the caretakers and team over.

Witt Construction

Unlike a usual garage door, a carriage door may look very completed on the inside.

Case Design/Remodeling, Inc..

Contemporary carriage doors frequently have segmented panels that allow the door to lift overhead and up on paths, while keeping the overall look of a true door.

Browse more carriage door photos

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White Slipcovers for Pure Practicality

Many people would regard a white couch as an impractical choice, and if it’s an upholstered version, they’d be correct: The bad snow-hued couch will probably seem dingy ahead of its time. However, if this couch has a slipcover in a machine-washable cloth, it may be the most practical choice whatsoever.

That’s correct, a white couch can be simple to maintain.

Fans of white slipcovers know that white is secretly simple to keep pristine. As Shabby Chic founder Rachel Ashwell once told Victoria magazine,”White denim is great if your kids are young, and as they age you can switch to white linen. White is always good, as it could be bleached.” That’s correct, the not-so-secret weapon is bleach.

Whether you acquire a piece of furniture using a white slipcover or you add you to an older piece, a white slipcover is a traditional look that spans many decorating styles. Slipcovers are not just for the couch either: Dining room chairs, headboards and other upholstered pieces may also benefit from a slipcover. Here are 12 rooms to inspire you to offer white slipcovers a go.

Dreamy Whites

Can you imagine that this living room belongs to a mom of five who lives on a horse ranch? Maria of this site Dreamy Whites has figured out that white is a practical selection for homes with children.

Amoroso Design

This living room by Amoroso Design showcases two different fashions of slipcovers: The couch and easy chair have covers that touch the ground, hiding the pieces’ legs. The armchair beside the fireplace is dressed in an quick cover that shows off its slim legs.

Olga Adler

White is a fantastic alternative for an indoor-outdoor space like this sunroom by Olga Adler — just make sure you make family members eliminate muddy shoes.

Studio Marcelo Brito

Should you worry that white will seem too stark, take a cue from Marcelo Brito Design, who jazzed up a set of chairs with white slipcovers using matching patterned throws. The look is casual yet coordinated.

Tamar Schechner/Nest Pretty Things Inc

A white couch does not need to mean too little colour. This vibrant room by Tamar Shechner demonstrates that a collection of colorful throw pillows may make even the snowiest sofa seem festive.

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Bosworth Hoedemaker

If you elect for white-covered pieces, you can still warm things up in winter. This living room by Bosworth Hoedemaker shows how a few comfy textiles can provide ivory-hued pieces a hot, autumnal look.

A Beach Cottage

White slipcovers are a simple way to provide a breezy feel to your dining room in warmer months. This white-on-white space belongs to Sarah of this site A Beach Cottage.

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Henriksdal Seat – Blekinge White, Birch – $89.99

Love the look of Sarah’s beach cottage dining room? Borrow her fashion with the Henriksdal seat by Ikea using all the Blekinge white slipcover alternative.

Within this country-cute dining space, a pair of rounded-back dining seats have slipcovers with brief casings. Short casings are a playful way to change up your dining room without having to change the furniture.

Van Wicklen Layout

While a simple chair in a bedroom is likely to get less wear and tear than just one in a family room, white denim is still a wise selection for a kid’s room. This ottoman and a seat are both sheathed in feminine pleated covers.

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Within this elegant bed chamber, a white-covered loveseat sits at the foot of a stunning bed. When choosing drapes to get a canopy-style bed, make sure you choose a machine-washable fabric.

Tracery Interiors

Headboards are another piece of furniture that may be granted the slipcover therapy. Within this cute bedroom with Tracery Interiors, every twin mattress has a very simple headboard using a white slipcover for a casual, crisp finish.

So Your Style Is: Cottage

Your Guide to Stylish Slipcovers

Farmhouse Chic in San Francisco

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