How to Strip Furniture Glue

Before you can repair a wood joint or veneer, you must strip the old adhesive from the furniture. Traditionally, the glue held bits of veneer to furniture or added strength to wooden furniture joints. Before 1940, most furniture makers utilized animal-based glues. Made from rendering collagen from hooves, bones, skin and other connective tissue, the paste responds to warmth. Furniture manufactured after 1950 has polyvinyl acetate or PVA adhesive that reacts to alcohol. During the removal process, you will determine the sort of paste on the furniture.

Remove any large pieces of paste using a putty knife. Scrape off the tops the large lumps of glue, but don’t press on the knife to the wood.

Grind off the glue bits left from the knife. Utilize the abrasive tip on a drill, or a grinding wheel or attachment at a rotary or oscillating tool to provide you with the most control to pinpoint the adhesive.

Replace the abrasive point using a sanding disc or mat. A disc of 180-grit gives you a smooth end. If the area is small and a disc or pad would harm the end, use a smaller sanding ring to protect the furniture.

Place a drop of very hot water on the paste. If the glue softens, it’s animal-based. If the glue stays firm but lightens, it’s PVA-based.

Wipe any adhesive residue from the item. If you decide it’s animal adhesive, heat a moist rag at the microwave for 30 seconds. Wipe the paste slowly from the wood with the hot, moist fabric. If it’s PVA-based adhesive, wet the rag with isopropyl alcohol and wipe the adhesive residue from the wood.

Allow the wood to dry completely before staining, painting or regluing. Depending on the ambient humidity of your workspace, this can require around 24 hours.

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How to Clean a Faux Suede Comforter

Real suede comes from animal hide, but faux suede is made from polyester. A faux suede comforter appears and feels like suede but consists of thin plastic fibers. Unlike real suede, suede that is durable is safe to wash in the washing machine. Toss your faux suede comforter in the washing machine once a month to remove dirt, dead skin cells and allergens and leave it looking, smelling and feeling its best.

Place the comforter in a washing machine.

Set the machine for a cold water wash.

Add gentle laundry detergent, like that for washing delicate clothes, formulated , to the detergent dispenser.

Hang the comforter on a clothesline to dry if at all possible. In the event you opt to machine-dry, utilize a non – or no-heat cycle and inspect the quilt frequently. When it’s still slightly damp, remove it and hang it to complete drying.

Place the dry comforter and brush it lightly.

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The Way to Disinfect Furniture

A countless number of germs may be lingering on the arms of the classic rocking chair you just brought home from the flea market. Irresistible or not, in case your undeniable bargain makes everyone in the house sick, the cash you saved was for nothing. Furniture pieces which you buy new can also profit from a gentle duvet the minute they enter your home — or even before you bring them indoors.

Spray It Down

Surprisingly, upholstered and fabric-covered furniture pieces are among the easiest to disinfect. Simply remove and spritz the piece all over with a fabric-safe soap spray. Spray on the cushions separately and allow all the pieces to dry. Most of the spray soap cleaners you buy at the supermarket are safe for cloths, but if you are not sure, spray a little, concealed place on your upholstered piece to see if it causes a reaction. These types of cleaners typically work to kill mildew mold, viruses and bacteria.

Wipe It Off

If your spray soap is safe for timber surfaces, then use it to clean your wood furniture or the wooden parts of combination pieces. Just spray it on and allow it to dry. If you have distilled white vinegar, you can use that as well. Mix a solution of 1/2-cup vinegar, 1/4-cup baking soda and 1-cup ammonia to 1 gallon of warm water. Apply the solution with a damp towel and buff to remove. This method effectively cleans and disinfects your timber surfaces without streaking or harmful finishes.

Add a touch of Lemon

Lemon is a natural disinfectant and also kind to the environment as well. Rather than using bleach to wash exterior plastic patio furniture, or if you’re cleaning plastic tables, chairs and crib railings in the infant’s room, lemon is a non-toxic alternative. Fill a spray bottle with equal parts water and white vinegar and add 15 drops of lemon essential oil. Spray your plastic surfaces, wait a couple of minutes, and just wipe dry.

Conquer With Kerosene

Spray soap, white vinegar and lemon are safe choices for eliminating germs and germs from alloy, but should you want a little added boost for combating rust, use a steel wool pad dipped in kerosene to conquer rust stains once and for all. As soon as your metal piece is cleaned and seems new again, give it a once-over with car wax to stop the rust from coming.

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How to Scrub Siding on a Second Story

Whether timber, vinyl or aluminum, siding traps dirt and dust as well as mold and mildew that has to be removed regularly to keep it looking new and to reduce damage and staining. Cleaning stories can be tricky and also have security concerns, although cleaning the story of a residence is a straightforward affair.

Penalizing It

You are able to use a power washer to clean the siding onto the narrative without climbing a ladder up, but it may not remove mildew that is rough, and it may damage loose siding. An extension brush may reach some of the siding, but may not be long enough to best segments. You are able to use a ladder, but moving the ladder and constantly scaling up and down may be time-consuming and exhausting. Rent or put up scaffolding to make the job quick and easy.

Cleaning It

Cover close to the house because it runs off, they are not damaged by the cleaning solution. Scrub the siding with a mixture of household bleach oxygen bleach or tri-sodium phosphate. Spray the cleaner , wash with a brush then rinse away with water that is clean.

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The Way to Paint Whitewashed Kitchen Cabinets Dark Brown

The colors used to decorate a kitchen drastically alter the way it looks and feels. Whitewashed kitchen cabinets convey a country or distressed motif, while dark colors modernize your kitchen and add contemporary appeal to your space. Original whitewashing methods involved diluting white paint with water, a mix that often flakes or peels without a varnish or lacquer finish. While it might look logical to simply paint a lighter color with a darker one, whitewashing or its end may stop the paint from sticking properly and squander all of your hard work. The first step to painting over whitewashed cabinets is preparing the cabinets and doors to accept the new colour.

Remove cabinet hardware and hinges with a screwdriver, or tape over them with tape tape.

Cover the work area with a dropcloth, plastic sheeting or newspapers to avoid spills and drips on floors and countertops.

Cut a piece of sandpaper to meet your hand. Run the seams across the surface of the kitchen cabinet doors and on the cabinet sides and face frames. Use the sandpaper to rough up the surface of the kitchen cabinets enough so that a new coat of vinyl adheres. If you plan to paint the cabinets with a water-based paint, you have to strip the cabinets of the old finish first.

Put on the chemical stripper to cabinets that have a lacquer, varnish or shellac finish when you want to paint over them using a hexagonal latex or acrylic dark brown paint. Dip a paintbrush from the stripper and liberally cover the cabinets and doors, following the grain pattern in the wood.

Allow the stripper to sit on cabinet and door surfaces until you find the complete bubble. This could take from 15 to 30 minutes.

Scrape the putty knife at a 45-degree angle to door and cabinetry surfaces to lift the gelled finish from the wood. Discard the gelled debris at an outside trash container. Completely get rid of all of the end from the cabinets using the putty knife.

Wipe the cabinets and doors with a wrung-out sponge to get rid of any excess stripper or complete on the cabinets after you have scraped them with the putty knife. Let the cabinets and doors fully dry.

Rub the cabinetry and doors with sandpaper following the lines and grains in the wood. Gently rough up the surfaces so the dark brown paint will adhere. Remove sandpaper dust and wood particles with a tacky fabric.

Roll the paint on the bigger surfaces with a roller; use a paintbrush when a roller gets too cumbersome. Paint the cabinets from the management of the grain, starting at the base of the cabinet doors and doors as well as working up. After the first coat dries, paint another coat of the dark brown paint on the cabinetry. Let the paint dry. Reinstall hardware and cabinet doors if you removed them, or even remove the tape from the hardware and seams.

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The Way to Deodorize Smelly Kitchen and Bath Drains

Odors emanating from the sink drain has an effect on the air in the kitchen or bathroom in more ways than one. The cause of kitchen sink smells is often decomposing food from the trash disposal or P-trap, but unless you’re in the habit of dumping kitchen waste in the bathroom sink, scents from the drain usually come directly from the sewer. They happen because the drain port is blocked along with the P-trap has been drained.

Garbage Disposal Smells

When little bits of food get trapped between the blades and impellers of a trash disposal, it doesn’t take long for them to decompose and create smells. To prevent the scents from building up in the first place, you need to run water through the disposal for 20 seconds after every use. Once the damage has been done, clear the impellers by pouring ice cubes in the disposal alongside a quartered lemon. Turn the disposal for 15 seconds, then allow the ice melt and flush water. Remember to completely wash the lid.

Odorous Kitchen Drain

If you do not have a garbage disposal, then it’s easier for large food items for trapped at the P-trap; they often get snagged by stringy waste such as celery fibers. You can kill the germs which cause the scents by pouring 1/2 cup of baking soda down the drain followed by water. If the issue persists, you may have to disassemble the P-trap and wash it. This isn’t a significant plumbing procedure — you can choose the trap apart by hand in many cases — but it may not be a pleasant job. Have a bucket ready to catch the water and gunk from the trap, then bend out the trap outside.

Smells from the Bathroom

Smells Generated from the bathroom sink might be the consequence of bacteria increase on hair, soap and other bathroom waste, and if that’s the case, cleaning the P-trap and pouring baking soda in the drain are successful cures. If the drain gets the feature sulfurous smell that comes from a sewer, however, the cause and treatment are distinct. The port servicing the bathroom drain — and perhaps other ports in the home as well — can be blocked, and negative pressure in the pipes has pulled water from the bathroom sink trap. To repair this, you may have to go on the roof.

Clearing the Vents

The goal of pipes ventilation would be to allow air to the pipes to stop P-traps from emptying, and if your home is a typical one, all the ports terminate in one opening on the roof. If it gets clogged by debris or leaves, you’ll probably notice that, in addition to smelly drains, a number of your drains and toilets are slow. The answer may be as simple as scaling on the roof and pulling debris away from the opening. If you do not see any debris, then spray water to the vent opening and also clear the vent with an auger in the event the water accumulates.

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How to Strip Cast Iron of Paint & Rust

Cast iron desires a layer of protection, such as a coat of paint, polyurethane, wax or acrylic, against moisture and humidity. Without such protection the metal quickly rusts. It is important to remove layers of old paint and rust only before refinishing so that the new layer of protection can be implemented immediately.

Chemical Stripper

Remove or cover any decorative trim which could be damaged by a chemical stripper.

Brush a thick coat of stripper on the cast iron using a paint brush or sponge. Wear protective rubber gloves, long sleeves and eye protection.

Cover the cast iron using a sheet of plastic and then wait the prescribed period of time as recommended by the producer. This can be around 20 minutes.

Scrape the loosened paint and rust off using a wire brush; wear protective equipment.

Wipe the whole piece down with mineral oil, using a clean white rag, to remove all traces of the chemical stripper.

Repeat Steps 2 to 5 should not all of the paint and rust are removed the very first moment. If there are lots of layers of paint and rust, it might take duplicate applications to remove all of the paint.


Eliminate any decorative trim or cover it with plastic or painter’s tape.

Sand the cast iron using a medium-grit sandpaper or steel wool before the paint and rust are eliminated. You can complete this process by hand, using a circular rubbing motion. Alternately, use an electric sander or a handheld rotary tool with a sanding wheel attachment for tight spaces.

Wipe away the dust created by sanding using a damp white rag.

Apply a protective coating, such as paint, lacquer or acrylic, immediately to stop rust from forming.

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What Is a Hawthorn Tree?

There are more than 25 species of hawthorn trees (Crataegus spp.) . Even though English hawthorn (C. monogyna) is considered an invasive plant in California, other species aren’t. Hawthorn trees have long, tough thorns and typically grow up to 25 feet tall. If you don’t prune off lower divisions, they develop into a tree. In the landscape, their dense divisions make useful privacy displays and some are ideal hedges.

Multiple Seasons of Interest

Hawthorn trees feature over 1 season of attention. In spring or summer, this deciduous tree produces showy flowers in white or shades of red and pink, depending on the variety. In autumn, the leaves add interest to a landscape since they turn orange, gold, red or multi-colored. Many hawthorn varieties bear little red fruit which lure wildlife into your property in autumn or winter.

Exceptional Varieties

Many varieties of hawthorn trees are offered for your home garden, but the following have exceptional qualities. Washington hawthorn (C. phaenopyrum) is the least susceptible to fireblight, attracts bees to help pollinate other plants and grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 8. May hawthorn (C. aestivalis) has stunning drooping branches that resist breaking, supplies very dense shade and grows in zones 6 through 9. Russian hawthorn (C. ambigua) adds winter interest with its appealing branching habit and grows in zones 6 through 8.

Cultivation Tips

Hawthorn trees grow well in many of climactic conditions such as coastal locations and zones with cold winters. They thrive in acidic or alkaline soil and many tolerate moist to dry soil, such as “Carrieri” (C. x lavallei “Carrierei”) and Oriental hawthorn (C. pinnitifida). Hawthorn trees grow best in full sunlight and require a moderate quantity of water. In actuality, irrigating too much encourages overly slow growth that compromises the plant’s vigor. Lightly thin inner divisions annually during dormancy to allow the sunshine in and help the plant produce more flowers and fruit.

Possible Pest Issues

Hawthorn trees are vulnerable to numerous pests such as apple aphid, the bark beetle known as the shothole borer and San Jose scale. Apple aphids infrequently kill the tree, and they disperse in warm weather. Aphids can be knocked off with a spray from the garden hose. Beneficial insects generally control San Jose scale for you, unless you kill them by applying broad spectrum insecticides. You can control shothole borers by crushing and removing infested areas of the tree.

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Would You Spray Weed Killer?

Weeds compete with your own fruit tree for nutrients and water from the soil, and too many weeds may lead to a fruit crop or a stressed tree. But, weed killers may also be dangerous to fruit trees, and a few folks worry about the chemicals. Look for herbicides marked as safe to use with fruit trees or move the natural route.


Weed seeds prevent from germinating, cutting back on the number of weeds you must deal with. These are best used at the late spring, even when the weather begins to get hot. Look for a herbicide rated safe for your kind of fruit tree or a single as napropamide or flumioxazin which operates with all trees. Pre-emergent herbicides are usually found as granules, so spread them round the tree — at least 12 inches from the trunk to make sure it doesn’t touch — and water it well. Spray on it evenly around the tree Should you use a liquid herbicide.


Pre-emergent herbicides won’t catch every possible weedmaintain some selections out there. Utilize and spray it directly onto the weed’s leaves and stalk. If you’re dealing with weeds with a specific kind, start looking. By way of example, sethoxydim kills grassy weeds round trees.


There are several choices that are organic if you’re leery of using chemicals around your own fruit tree. Corn gluten meal works which you are able to reapply to keep weeds in check. Mulching around the tree helps maintain moisture for the tree and block the sun to prevent them from germinating. Pouring vinegar directly may kill them, as can boiling water.


Check the tag to see if it’s safe for the era of your tree, when using a chemical herbicide. Some may be used until the tree is at least a year old, though some shouldn’t be used when the tree is planted. With organic or chemical herbicides, never touch this fruit tree’s bark or leaves — the tree might be sensitive to the herbicide enjoy the weeds are. Also, it’s a wise idea to change your herbicide treatment about every 3 decades. Employing a different one every couple of years can help stop this, although some weeds may develop a resistance to a specific herbicide. After utilizing the one for three 16, It is possible to switch back to the original herbicide.

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